Characteristics of the American Foxhound breed

Spread the love


The American Foxhound or American Foxhound is a dog with a sweet, independent and docile character. Its origin dates back to the United States, where it was formerly bred as a hound dog, thanks to its agility, smell and speed to run.

Do you want to know what are its main characteristics and care? Discover all the information we have collected for you about this breed.

Index of contents

  • 1 American Foxhound breed history
  • 2 Physical characteristics of the American Foxhound
  • 3 How is the personality of the American Foxhound?
  • 4 What care does an American Foxhound need?
  • 5 Common diseases of the breed

American Foxhound breed history

The history of the American Foxhound is very curious. George Washington, hero of American independence, played a key role in its development.

Even after independence, the elite of the United States retained many of the English customs; among them, fox hunting. This American hound was born as a result of the breeding of English Foxhound in the New Continent, where he crossed paths with French hounds.

George Washington personally supervised the breeding of the new dogs. The characteristics of this breed were definitively established after the Civil War.

Physical characteristics of the American Foxhound

We are facing a medium, slender and muscular dog, although without looking heavy. The muzzle is slightly elongated and square in appearance, with a black truffle.

Related content  The third eyelid in dogs - Alterations and treatments

The eyes are large and with a friendly, almost sweet expression ; they appear brown or hazelnut. The ears are long, wide and droopy.

The coat is short, hard and abundant. The coat appears in multiple color combinations, although there is a very common one: a mixture of white, black and reddish, varying some of the colors towards the background, while the other two show the typical stain pattern of the breed.


Height between 56 and 63 cm in males and between 53 and 61 cm in females


Weight between 29 and 31 kg in males and between 27 and 29 kg in females


Hard and dense hair, presented in multiple colors


Independent, docile and cheerful character


Strong health although prone to some pathologies


Estimated life expectancy between 11 and 13 years



  • American Foxhound Standards according to the American Kennel Club (in English)

How is the personality of the American Foxhound?

Those who have one of these dogs at home know its sweet, faithful and docile personality. However, it is not recommended for novice breeders or families who have never had dogs, as it requires a lot of training.

The American Foxhound gets along well with other dogs, cats and children, as long as they have received proper socialization and dog training. This breed also have fun playing with active kids and enjoy spending time with family.

Your bloodhound instinct makes it a barking dog, so it takes a lot of patience to train it. Otherwise, barking could become a nuisance.

What care does an American Foxhound need?

It is advisable to start training as a puppy, preferably with a canine trainer, if we do not have the knowledge. Emphasis should be placed on obedience commands.

Related content  Warts in dogs - this is how they should be removed!

This breed you need between one and two hours of daily exercise. Otherwise, it will not release all your energy and will develop destructive behaviors. It is important that we take this into account before adopting it; if we do not have enough time, it is better to opt for a calmer breed.

Among the activities that we can do with it are running, bike rides and walks. Its tendency to follow trails can be dangerous during walks, we must always carry it on a leash or harness.

Also, enjoy games to find prizes or chase the ball, whether in the home garden or in parks. We can also enroll you in Agility.

Short coat requires 1 or 2 brushings per week. Bathing is only necessary when the cloak is dirty.

Common diseases of the breed

It is a healthy breed. By following the vaccination and deworming schedule, in addition to one or two annual visits to the vet, we will keep you healthy.

In addition to this, it tends to suffer from:

  • Hip dysplasia: It is a congenital disease that affects the junction of the femur with the hip bone. It causes pain and a limp. It requires medical attention, moderate exercise and a change in diet.
  • Ear infections: the long ears of this breed accumulate bacteria that cause infections. Weekly, it is recommended that we carefully check for signs of infection, such as a bad smell.
  • Canine thrombocytopenia: it is a disease of the blood. It causes the production of antibodies that attack the liver, bone marrow, and other vital organs. It produces depression, anemia, tachycardia, fatigue and heart murmurs. It requires immediate medical attention and pharmacological treatment.