The Samoyed dog – Characteristics, care and advice

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The Samoyed is an Arctic Spitz, a dog that accompanied the tribe “The Samoyedos” during their migrations around 1,000 BC. These dogs were in charge of taking care of the livestock, watching over the village and on many occasions they were a draft dog for the sleds.

Today they are fully domesticated and feature a characteristic pure white or cream coat. Small pointy ears always upright and a tail curled over its back. Want to know more about this extraordinary breed?

Index of contents

  • 1 Samoyed dog physical characteristics
  • 2 What is the character of the Samoyed breed?
  • 3 Samoyed dog feeding
  • 4 Necessary care for a Samoyed
  • 5 How to know if a Samoyed is a pure breed?
  • 6 Samoyed breed photos

Samoyed dog physical characteristics

The Samoyed is a breed of medium-large size, reaching an approximate weight of between 20 and 30 kilos. It has a very abundant medium-long hair coat, generally white or cream.


Height 55 cm approx. in males and 50 cm approx. in females


Weight of 30 kg approx. in males and 20 kg approx. in females


Long, pompous and very soft hair. Knob color white / cream


Social, happy and very active character. Good watchdog.


Strong health without inherited diseases


Estimated life expectancy of twelve to fourteen years


Another of the characteristics of this breed is its peculiar smile. The Samoyed has a facial expression similar to that of a smile, so it will always seem that he is happy, although in reality he may simply be watching or watching.

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Samoyed puppy

What is the character of the Samoyed breed?

Each dog is different and everything will depend on how it has been educated, but at general levels it can be said that the Samoyed is a very familiar and affectionate dog, who loves to be involved in all the tasks we do.

He is very playful and active, he will love to play with any member of the family. This breed is very intelligent and sometimes somewhat mischievous, as it loves to get away. Sometimes it can show something dominant, so it is advisable to socialize them correctly from puppies.

  • Dog socialization techniques

Samoyed dog feeding

Being a medium-large and very active breed, it is necessary to feed them with products with a high nutritional value. Avoiding, as far as possible, any diet that contains an excess of carbohydrates (such as cereals or legumes).

It has a tendency to put on weight, so we must constantly control its weight and adjust its daily ration in proportion. Also, a good dose of daily exercise will help you burn off your excess energy and nutrients.

  • Best Dog Food: Biologically Appropriate Raw Food


Necessary care for a Samoyed

Being a very active breed it is necessary to give our Samoyed a good dose of daily exercise. He loves to run and even play sports as a draft dog, he is a very strong dog.

Due to its large amount of hair, in the hottest months we should avoid the best quality hours for walks and reduce exercise to avoid heat stroke. This breed feels much happier in cold environments.

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When we bathe him, we must make sure to dry him completely to avoid the appearance of fungi due to humidity. A task that will not be easy because his coat is very thick.

We should brush it at least a couple of times a week to remove dead hair and avoid knots. We must also review it in depth to locate any possible parasite.

  • Daily exercise avoiding hot hours
  • Intensive brushing at least twice a week
  • Dry well after bathing
  • Use antiparasitic accessories such as necklaces or pipettes
  • Cut her hair in the summer months (never shaved)


How to know if a Samoyed is a pure breed?

There are breeders who sell crossbreeds similar to the Samoyed as if they were purebred Samoyed. That is why it is important to always request the pedigree certificate and get to know the parents.

No trusted breeder will refuse to present all the necessary documentation and show you to the parents of the litter, along with their corresponding certificates.

  • ¿What is the pedigree certificate?

You can check all the accepted standards for this breed from the International Cynological Federation (FCI): Samoyed breed standards according to the FCI

You can also find information and experiences of people who share their life with a Samoyed from the Facebook group “Friends of the Samoyed”:

Samoyed breed photos

All lovers of the breed love to see photos of Samoyedos in different contexts. Here you have our collection of photos of the Samoyed breed.